This site is intended for healthcare professionals only

Human immunodeficiency virus: A review into treatment

Written by: | Published:

HIV is no longer the death sentence it once was HIV is no longer the death sentence it once was, but requires careful management

Most adults are sexually active and good sexual health is important to individuals and communities. When there is poor sexual health this can lead to unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)1 define sexual health as a state of physical, emotional, mental and social wellbeing in relation to sexuality. Most people become sexually active between the ages of 16 and 24 years.

Whilst there is currently no cure for HIV, with appropriate management, effective social care and support systems, along with taking prescribed medication, regular exercise and preventing infections, those who are living with HIV are able to live a reasonably full and healthy life.

Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study of how often diseases occur in different groups of people and why.2 Epidemiological data can be used to plan and evaluate strategies that can then help to prevent illness and assist in the care, support and management of those in whom disease such as HIV has developed.

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) set the 90–90–90 targets for HIV–AIDS treatment and prevention in 2014 aiming to achieve all three by 2020.3 The latest estimates for undiagnosed HIV infections indicate that the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets have been met in the UK overall.4


Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.


What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.

Newsletter

Sign up to the newsletter

About

Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.

Newsletter

Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.

Archive

Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team

Authors

Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.