Tackling urinary incontinence

Written by: | Published:

The different types of urinary incontinence that m The different types of urinary incontinence that may be experienced by female patients

Urinary incontinence is more prevalent in women than men with an increasing incidence with advancing age.1 Stress urinary incontinence refers to involuntary leakage of urine on effort or exertion whereas urge urinary incontinence is involuntary leakage of urine associated with or preceded by a sudden desire to pass urine.1

Mixed urinary incontinence occurs when stress and urge urinary incontinence coexist. Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome can cause urge urinary incontinence, which usually presents with increased frequency and nocturia.2 Spontaneous or provoked involuntary detrusor contractions can be observed on urodynamic studies: referred to as detrusor overactivity.

Pre-existing factors might be responsible for causing urinary incontinence, such as constipation, obesity, diabetes, alcohol and high fluid intake. It is important to assess the severity of incontinence and its impact on quality of life. Severity can be assessed by asking the patient when incontinence occurs and whether there is an activity that precipitates it.

Patients sometimes use pads and restrict fluid intake to self-manage symptoms.
Their social life and/or sexual function might also be affected.


Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.


What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.

Newsletter

Sign up to the newsletter

About

Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.

Newsletter

Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.

Archive

Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team

Authors

Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.