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The health of our men and boys: Homo-heterogeneity

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It is acknowledged that health outcomes vary It is gradually being acknowledged that health outcomes for men and boys are worsening compared to women and girls, all around the world

Men and boys have unique health related needs, these differ from the health care needs of women and girls, the social determinants of health have a disproportionate effect on mortality in men. There is a growing acknowledgement that the health of the male population is significantly impacted on by their social situation. The Marmot Review Team1note that increasing poverty is linked to a widening gap in life expectancy.

Health inequalities

Health inequalities are avoidable, they result in unjust differences in health status between various groups of people or communities. Health is determined by a number of factors including genetics, lifestyle, the healthcare people receive and the influence of wider determinants, for example the physical, social and economic environment. See Dahlgren and Whitehead’s model2 representing the wider determinants of health (See figure 1).

Wild3 suggest that other determinants can include:


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