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Common cancers

Most cancers are 'bad luck'

When a dividing cell copies DNA, enzymes ‘proof read’ the new strands to make sure they carry the same genetic code as the original

Staying ahead of pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer remains a disease where more than 80 per cent of patients are diagnosed at a point when there is no option for curative treatment. Indeed, Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month in November serves as a timely reminder to primary care nurses of the need to improve awareness of this silent killer so that red flags are spotted and acted upon whenever there is doubt over the cause of unexplained symptoms.

Prostate cancer: new guidelines

NICE has recently updated its guidance on the diagnosis and treatment options for prostate cancer with some important recommendations for nurses, writes Ian Peate

Breast cancer risk confirmed with new pills

Numerous studies have suggested that oral contraceptives can increase the risk of developing breast cancer. However, a recent paper has noted that 'more recent formulations have received relatively little scrutiny'. .

Aspirin may prevent pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer has one of the worst prognoses with just 3.7% of adults with the tumour in England surviving for at least five years, according to Cancer Research UK. However, regularly taking aspirin may halve the risk of developing pancreatic cancer.

Antihypertensives linked to breast cancer

Women taking calcium-channel blockers (CCBs) for at least 10 years might be at increased risk of developing breast cancer, according to American researchers who enrolled 880 women, aged between 55 and 74 years, with invasive ductal breast cancer, 1027 with invasive lobular breast cancer and 856 controls.

Basal cell carcinoma in pictures

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer in humans, and it most often occurs in elderly people who have enjoyed excess exposure to ultraviolet light, particularly during childhood, writes Dr Jean Watkins

Squamous cell carcinoma

Most squamous cell carcinoma develop in elderly, fair-skinned men, although there are other factors that may predispose a patient to the condition, including excess alcohol intake,writes Dr Jean Watkins

Cases of malignant melanoma

Early recognition and treatment of malignant melanoma, the most common cancer in the UK accounting for 4 per cent of new cases, is essential if postive results are to be obtained,writes Jean Watkins

Jaundice linked to cancer

Around a quarter of patients who present in primary care with jaundice may have cancer, according to an analysis of a UK general practice database. The study highlights the importance of urgent investigations to detect viral hepatitis, autoimmune liver disease, cancer and other possible causes of jaundice.

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