Metformin use and B12 deficiency: What nurses need to know Margaret Perry explains how to negate the side effects of this commonly used treatment Gestational diabetes mellitus: onset, causes and management Primary care nurses can play a huge role in the management of gestational diabetes, writes David Morris Complications of diabetes: Keeping an eye on retinopathy The threat to eyesight from diabetes is considerable and should be understood, writes David Morris MODY: one of the most easily missed causes of diabetes Correctly identifying MODY is important for patients and for their families Fruit prevents diabetes, complications and deaths Eating fresh fruit seems to reduce the risk of developing diabetes, according to research from China Type 2 diabetes in children and its association with obesity Louise Cremonesini explores methods for countering the spread of type 2 diabetes among children Monogenic diabetes: Could this be your patient? A correct diagnosis of monogenic diabetes can transform treatment options, writes Anita Murphy Prediabetes increases cardiovascular risk Essentially, prediabetes refers to fasting blood glucose and HbA1c levels that are higher than normal, but are not elevated sufficiently for a diagnosis of diabetes Diabetes increases the risk of hearing loss Patients with diabetes 'have a moderately increased risk' of hearing loss, according to a Korean study of 253,301 adults who participated in a regular health-screening examination 1 comment Practical considerations when initiating insulin Theresa Smyth and Karen Blackwood explain how patients can be kept safe when using insulin Exploring research into diabetes Mark Greener presents key studies published in healthcare journals Dealing with abnormal test results in diabetes Anomalies are common in diabetes testing. David Morris and Sarah Morris present two typical case studies Advising fasting patients with diabetes during Ramadan Muslim patients with diabetes may still want to fast. Here's how to support them, writes David Morris Bariatric surgery in type 2 diabetes The basics of what primary care professionals need to know for referral and care are outlined by David Morris. Pre-filling of insulin syringes Careful procedures must be in place to protect both patient and nurse NICE guidance on type 2 diabetes in adults – what’s new? As diabetes is one of the costliest long-term conditions, management is vital, writes David Morris. Managing hypertension in diabetes The clinical evidence and options for controlling blood pressure in these patients are outlined by David Morris. Passive smoking increases diabetes risk Active and passive smoking appears to increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new meta-analysis. Why recommend insulin pumps? Continuous subcutaneous infusion of insulin can be useful for some, explains David Morris in this overview. Antibiotics may increase diabetes risk Taking antibiotics seems to be associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to Danish researchers who matched 170,504 people with the condition and 1,364,008 controls. How to prevent amputations Diabetes is an increasingly common long-term condition. One person is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes every three minutes in England, equating to about 700 people every day. Statin prescribing and diabetes A recent guideline underlines the importance of statins in preventing cardiovascular disease in people with diabetes, explains David Morris. The ups and downs of blood sugar levels Hypoglycaemia causes distress and a reduction in quality of life for patients. David Morris explains how patients can best avoid it and how to treat it if necessary. The mystery of hypoglycaemia Hypoglycaemia poses a perennial problem for nurses managing diabetes. Managing prediabetes in practice In the third in a series, David Morris outlines management approaches for patients at risk of developing type 2.