Human Papilloma Virus: Why boys are now immunised Ian Peate explains the decision to include males in HPV vaccination, and why it is long overdue Travel vaccines: A 2018 update for primary care nurses As many patients plan their holidays, Margaret Umeed updates nurses on what to warn them about The future of flu prevention: the rise of adjuvanted vaccinations With traditional vaccinations becoming less effective, Mark Greener explores what the future might hold Top 10 questions: Rabies Margaret Umeed explains how nurses can advise travellers on the rabies vaccination Top 10 questions: Tick-borne encephalitis Margaret Umeed looks at what should be considered when advising travellers about this condition Yellow fever: Understanding vaccinations Yellow fever (YF) is an acute, potentially fatal, viral haemorrhagic disease spread by day-biting mosquitoes. It is endemic in tropical areas of Africa and Latin America. No MMR-ASD link in high-risk children Nurses can reassure parents that the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine does not seem to increase the risk of autism-spectrum disorders (ASD) even among high-risk children. Immunisation and public health: why we are all in it together With media coverage of the measles outbreak at Disneyland in California earlier this year and the outbreak in Wales in 2012-13 infecting over 1000 people, vaccination and herd immunity have become hot topics in the healthcare community and the public alike. Yellow fever vaccination changes Carolyn Driver outlines the amendments to international health regulations and the effect on travellers Cholera: advising travellers Hilary Simons advises on risk assessment for global travellers. Vaccinations for winter escapes Nurses play a key role in advising on the correct immunisations for travellers planning a winter break abroad, explains Sandra Grieve. The traveller with a complex itinerary A detailed risk assessment is essential to giving good travel health advice. Margaret Umeed works step-by-step through a risk assessment process Travel health: routine and required vaccines Vaccines are an important public health measure and may prompt travellers to attend for pre-travel health advice, write Claire Wong and Hilary Simons.