This site is intended for healthcare professionals only

Cost-effective inhaler device prescribing for COPD

Written by: | Published:

Nearly a million and a half general practice Nearly a million and a half general practice consultations per-year are COPD-related

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is defined by a post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio of less than 0.7.1 It is a progressive condition marked by persistent and largely irreversible airflow obstruction that leads to worsening shortness of breath, reduced exercise capacity, a persistent cough, and increased sputum production. The systemic inflammation present in COPD results in weight loss, skeletal muscle dysfunction, cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis.2

COPD is thought to affect about 1.2 million people in the UK, and 4.5% of the population of over 40-year-olds are diagnosed with COPD.3 In England, a death occurs every 20 minutes due to COPD.4 However, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence5 estimates that two thirds of people who have COPD in the UK are, as yet, undiagnosed and suggest the total number of cases present in the population is around 3 million. The UK ranks 12th for COPD mortality across the world, and 3rd in Europe behind Denmark and Hungary, respectively.3 In the NHS, 1.4 million GP consultations per year are COPD-related and COPD accounts for 1 in 8 emergency hospital admissions.5 In the UK, the direct cost to the NHS of treating COPD is said to be £1.9 billion.3

Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.

What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.

Read a free issue from Practice Nursing

Register to read a free issue from our sister publication, Practice Nursing.

Including articles on asthma, diabetes and more. Read your copy.


Sign up to the newsletter


Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.


Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.


Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team


Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.