This site is intended for healthcare professionals only

E-cigarettes and adolescents

Written by: | Published:

Recent research by the University of Hawaii sugges Recent research by the University of Hawaii suggests that e-cigarette use may be a prelude to actual cigarette smoking

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) have rapidly gained popularity since their introduction in 2004 and are now used regularly by an estimated 2.6 million people in the UK,1 with annual sales worth about £459 million.2

Since their introduction, e-cigs have been unregulated and are freely available. They have been heavily advertised,3 particularly since the large tobacco companies began buying up small, independent manufacturers or producing their own brand, such as the e-Voke®.3,4

E-cigs typically work by using a re-chargeable lithium ion battery to power an atomiser. This produces vapour by heating a solution of nicotine, usually in propylene glycol or glycerine, held in a (often refillable) cartridge in the device.5

E-cigs contain nicotine solutions of variable concentrations from zero to 36 mg/mL. An aerosol of nicotine is generated via a heating coil; the coil heats to a temperature of up to 350°C. The nicotine solution has various flavours, some of which appear to be attractive to younger users.6

Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.

What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.


Hey really nice article very informational.
Posted by: ,

Read a free issue from Practice Nursing

Register to read a free issue from our sister publication, Practice Nursing.

Including articles on asthma, diabetes and more. Read your copy.


Sign up to the newsletter


Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.


Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.


Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team


Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.