This site is intended for healthcare professionals only

Folic acid, CVD and pneumonia

Written by: | Published:

Debt trebles mental illness
Nicotine T European Journal of Public Health (2013) 23(1):108-113

Debt increases the risk of common mental disorders almost three-fold, according to interviews with 7461 adults in England during 2007.

Of the 8.5 per cent of interviewees who were in debt, 38.0 per cent had at least one common mental disorder compared to 13.9 per cent of those without debt (odds ratio [OR] 2.83). After adjusting for confounders, debt increased the risk of social and other phobias almost four fold (OR 3.83) and panic disorder more than three fold (OR 3.14). People in debt were also more than twice as likely to develop obsessive compulsive disorder (OR 2.27), depression (OR 2.36) or generalized anxiety (OR 2.51).

Alcohol, drug and gambling problems exacerbated the link between debt and mental health. People in debt who were not dependent on alcohol were 2.94 times more likely to develop a common mental disorder.

Alcohol dependence increased the risk to 7.09. People in debt who were not dependent on drugs were 2.60 times more likely to develop a common mental disorder: dependence increased the risk to 8.44. People in debt who did not and did have a gambling problem were 2.81 and 6.95 fold times more likely respectively to develop a common mental disorder.


Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.


What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.

Most read articles from Practice Nursing Journal

Practice Nursing Journal latest issue and most read articles.

Click here to read a selection of free to access articles from Practice Nursing Journal

Newsletter

Sign up to the newsletter

About

Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.

Newsletter

Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.

Archive

Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team

Authors

Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.