This site is intended for healthcare professionals only

Pre-conception and antenatal care in type 2 diabetes

Written by: | Published:

The UK is experiencing a dramatic increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Consequently, there is a corresponding increase in T2D in pregnancy, with around a quarter of pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes having T2D. Although the risks to mother and baby are similar to type 1 diabetes (T1D), the approach and management often differ.

Pregnant women with T2D are more likely to be older, multiparous and live in deprived areas. Certain ethnic groups are more prone to T2D and there is a strong association with being overweight or obese.

Furthermore, some investigations have shown that women with T2D often receive suboptimal care prior to conception and in early pregnancy, particularly in primary care.

Prevalence of T2D in pregnancy

The occurrence of T2D in pregnancy is a relatively new phenomenon. In previous generations women of childbearing age were considered to be at low risk because until recently T2D was a condition related to older people in the general population.1

However, this situation has changed significantly, with increasing numbers of younger people diagnosed with T2D, including an estimated 1.5 per cent of children with diabetes now thought to have T2D, whereas prior to 2002 T2D was unknown in children.2

Recent reports have highlighted the growing prevalence of T2D in pregnancy.

Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.

What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.

Read a free issue from Practice Nursing

Register to read a free issue from our sister publication, Practice Nursing.

Including articles on asthma, diabetes and more. Read your copy.


Sign up to the newsletter


Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.


Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.


Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team


Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.