This site is intended for healthcare professionals only

Special cases of hypertension: what nurses need to know

Written by: | Published:

Hypertension occurs as the result of physiological Hypertension occurs as the result of physiological changes in the body which is a risk factor for a number of conditions

Public Health England’s 10 year strategy for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is based on the ABC of CVD, where A stands for atrial fibrillation, B for blood pressure and C for cholesterol.1

Hypertension is a risk factor for a range of conditions, including myocardial infarction, stroke, vascular dementia, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and heart failure so it is important that it is detected and treated effectively in order to reduce CVD risk and improve outcomes.

The diagnosis and management of essential hypertension is described in guidance from the National Institute of Care and Health Excellence (NICE).2 Essential hypertension refers to the presence of high blood pressure where secondary causes such as renal disease, endocrine disorders or genetic conditions have been excluded as causes.

Around 95% of all cases of hypertension are essential hypertension, meaning that 5% of cases will be what is known as secondary hypertension.3 The more unusual or resistant a case of hypertension, the more important it is to consider the underlying cause.

In this article, we go beyond straightforward essential hypertension to consider the broader interpretation and management of raised blood pressure readings in specific situations.

By the end of this article the reader should be able to:

Recognise the significance of hypertension in the young

Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.

What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.

Read a free issue from Practice Nursing

Register to read a free issue from our sister publication, Practice Nursing.

Including articles on asthma, diabetes and more. Read your copy.


Sign up to the newsletter


Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.


Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.


Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team


Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.