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Ten things you should know about type 2 diabetes – part 2

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The use of aspirin to treat people with diabetes The use of aspirin to treat people with diabetes who also have cardiovascular disease may be beneficial

Read Part 1 here

1. How do you reduce cardiovascular risk?

The principal cause of early death in type 2 diabetes is from cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction and stroke) and multiple risk factors should be addressed.1

NICE recommends a target blood pressure for people with type 2 diabetes of 140/80 (similar to other guidelines) lowered to 130/80 for adults with renal or eye damage or previous cerebrovascular disease (stroke or transient ischaemic attack).2 The stepwise introduction of antihypertensive medications is summarised in table 1.3

For Afro-Caribbeans, then a combination of angiotenisn converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) plus either calcium channel blocker (CCB) or thiazide-like diuretic is recommended as first-line therapy. In the case of a woman where pregnancy is anticipated then angiotensin based antihypertensives and diuretics should be avoided; options here include a CCB, methyldopa or labetolol.

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