Studies indicate that in patients with diabetes the annual incidence of foot ulcers is around 3%, and the lifetime risk of an individual acquiring a foot ulcer is as high as 25%.1,2
Foot ulceration is the most common diabetic complication resulting in hospital admission and is the leading cause of lower limb amputation in the UK.
Many of these amputations could be avoided by better patient education, improved glycaemic control, early recognition of foot problems and timely referral to a diabetic foot care team.3
The major aetiological factors for foot ulceration in diabetes are peripheral neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease.
Trauma from unsuitable footwear may initiate the problem, while foot deformity, poor visual acuity and increasing age are further risk factors for ulceration.4