This site is intended for healthcare professionals only

Type 2 diabetes in children and its association with obesity

Written by: | Published:

Diet and exercise are key planks in managing T2D Diet and exercise are key planks in managing type 2 diabetes at any age

Emerging as a global public health problem, type 2 diabetes (T2D) occurs when insulin secretion fails to meet the increased demand created by insulin resistance, thus leading to a state of relative insulin deficiency1. It is rare before puberty, but there has recently been a rise in pre-pubescent diagnoses. Diagnosis happens most often during the second decade, with a median age of 13.5 years in girls and boys following a year later. Physiologically, this coincides with a peak in insulin resistance. Young adults diagnosed with T2D tend to come from families where T2D is already prevalent1.

The incidence of T2D in children and young adults has increased worldwide, in direct correlation with the increase in rates of obesity in the same populations2. In the United Kingdom around 31,500 children have diabetes, the majority with Type 1. T2D typically develops in adults over 40, but childhood diabetes (once a rare diagnosis) is now on the rise.T2D was first reported in white adolescents in 2002 and since this time there has been a year-on-year increase. The most recent National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (NPDA) highlights a total of 533 children with T2D presenting to paediatric diabetes units in the United Kingdom.3

Of note children of Asian origin are 8.9 times more likely to have type 2 diabetes than their white counterparts whilst children of black origin were 5.8 times more likely3.


Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.


What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.

Most read articles from Practice Nursing Journal

Practice Nursing Journal latest issue and most read articles.

Click here to read a selection of free to access articles from Practice Nursing Journal

Newsletter

Sign up to the newsletter

About

Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.

Newsletter

Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.

Archive

Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team

Authors

Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.