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Under fives

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Promoting oral healthcare in the preschool child

Tooth decay in children is a substantial public health issue. Therefore, it is essential that all relevant members of the healthcare team are working together in the fight against this distressing and preventable disease.

Thyroid hormone and ADHD

Low maternal levels of thyroid hormone during pregnancy increase the risk of neurocognitive problems – including language and cognitive delays, poor psychomotor skills and autistic traits – in children.

The legacy of childhood sleep problems

Infants experiencing sleep problems are more likely to develop emotional and behavioural problems by the time they start school, according to a Norwegian Study of 32,662 children Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics.

Immunisation and public health: why we are all in it together

With media coverage of the measles outbreak at Disneyland in California earlier this year and the outbreak in Wales in 2012-13 infecting over 1000 people, vaccination and herd immunity have become hot topics in the healthcare community and the public alike.

Male Genital Lesions

Balanitis may be an acute or chronic problem with inflammation of the glans penis and which may also involve the foreskin. Children may present with a history of a few days of itching or soreness, some exudate and on examination the glans and foreskin may be inflamed and swollen.

Hypothyroxinemia in pregnancy linked to autism

A recent paper in The Lancet (volume 382:331-7) found that two-thirds of women in the UK were iodine deficient during pregnancy, placing them at risk of gestational hypothyroxinemia (abnormally low concentrations of thyroxine in the blood).

Demystifying constipation

Childhood constipation is a common reason for parents seeking help and advice. Siba Prosad Paul and Christine Routley provide an overview of managing the condition in the community

Inhaled corticosteroids slow growth

Regularly using low or medium doses of inhaled corticosteroids (ICs) suppresses children's growth during the year after starting treatment for mild to moderate persistent asthma, a Cochrane review has concluded.

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