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Human immunodeficiency virus: A review into treatment

Ahead of World AIDS day on 1 December, Ian Peate looks at the progress made in the treatment of HIV

Most adults are sexually active and good sexual health is important to individuals and communities. When there is poor sexual health this can lead to unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)1 define sexual health as a state of physical, emotional, mental and social wellbeing in relation to sexuality. Most people become sexually active between the ages of 16 and 24 years.

Whilst there is currently no cure for HIV, with appropriate management, effective social care and support systems, along with taking prescribed medication, regular exercise and preventing infections, those who are living with HIV are able to live a reasonably full and healthy life.

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