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In-depth analysis of the latest research,
compiled by Mark Greener

Early menopause doubles the risk of CVD and stroke
Menopause (2012) 19:1081-1087

Early menopause doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke, according to American research that enrolled 2,509 women, age 45 to 84 years, from white, Chinese, black and Hispanic backgrounds. A total of 28 per cent underwent menopause, either naturally or following surgical removal of their ovaries, before 46 years of age.

Over the median 4.8-year follow up and after adjusting for age, race and ethnicity, study site and traditional CVD risk factors, women who underwent early menopause were around twice as likely to develop coronary heart disease (CHD) (hazard ratio 2.08) and stroke (HR 2.19) as controls.

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