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Recognising and intervening in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Obesity Liver disease
Rising numbers of obese adults and children are at risk of developing fatty liver disease, write
Louise Cremonesini, Jude Oben and colleagues

Obesity has been described as a pandemic of the 21st century. Nearly two thirds of the adult UK population are now either overweight or obese. Levels of childhood obesity have also risen dramatically over recent decades and continue to rise. In 1995, one in every 10 children in the UK aged between 2 and 15 years was obese. Now, it is one child in every six.1

Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease that arises from the complex interplay of numerous environmental, behavioural and genetic influences. It is characterised by excessive amounts of adipose tissue (fat), either subcutaneously or viscerally and is strongly associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, numerous psychiatric disorders and cancers.2

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