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Sarcopenia part 2: prevention, treatment and management

Linda Nazarko explains how nurses can manage and advise patients with this condition

Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength with a risk of adverse outcomes such as physical disability, poor quality of life and death.1,2 This article, the second of two, will examine prevention, treatment and management of sarcopenia.

Prevention of sarcopenia

Although sarcopenia is generally a disease associated with old age it is rooted in adverse muscle changes that accrue across a lifetime.3 The causes of sarcopenia are outlined in figure one. Many of these causes can be modified through a person’s lifetime reducing the risk of sarcopenia or delaying its onset.

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