This site is intended for healthcare professionals only

Patient self-examination and education in testicular cancer

Written by: | Published:

In the UK, just over 2000 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year. Worldwide the incidence rates of testicular cancer are increasing in white men.1

Testicular cancer (a urological cancer) begins when normal cells in a testicle change and grow uncontrollably, forming a tumour. The tumour can be benign or malignant with metastatic spread to other parts of the body. Testicular cancer is nearly always curable if it is found early; it is usually curable even when it is at an advanced stage. Testicular cancer can develop in one or both testes.

The testes

The testes (the male gonads) are situated posterior to the penis in the scrotal sac, and are two oval shaped organs (See link to table below). The testes move freely in the scrotum, however, each testicle is attached to the body wall by the spermatic cord, a thin cord that passes through a cavity in the pelvis and into the abdomen. The cord contains the nerves and blood vessels for the testes as well as the vas deferens, which carries the sperm from the testes into the urethra; the urethra upon ejaculation delivers the sperm to the outside of the body.

The testes are external to the body and are maintained at a temperature approximately 2°C lower than the core body temperature. Sperm production and quality is optimal at this lower temperature.


Please login or register to read the rest of the article and to have access to downloads and comments.


What do you think? Leave a comment below or tweet your views to @IndyNurseMag

This material is protected by MA Healthcare Ltd copyright.
See Terms and Conditions.

Most read articles from Practice Nursing Journal

Practice Nursing Journal latest issue and most read articles.

Click here to read a selection of free to access articles from Practice Nursing Journal

Newsletter

Sign up to the newsletter

About

Independent Nurse is the professional resource for primary care and community nurses, providing clinical articles for practice nurses and prescribers.

Newsletter

Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up to date with the latest nursing news.

Stay Connected

Stay social with Independent Nurse by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook or connecting on LinkedIn.

Archive

Need access to some of our older articles? You can view our archive, or alternatively contact us.

Contact Us

MA Healthcare Ltd.
St Jude's Church, Dulwich Road
London, SE24 0PB

Tel: +44 (0)20 7738 5454
Registered in England and Wales No. 01878373

Meet the team

Authors

Find out how to contribute to Independent Nurse here.